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Solomon becomes king over Israel 1 Kings 1
Solomon becomes king over Israel
1 Kings 1

For most of the last 2 months we have been tracing the life of David- from when he was anointed as a youth, through his 15 year journey to becoming king, and then through his years as king over Israel.

This morning we begin together a study in the book of 1 Kings. In 1 Kings 1 the baton of leadership is passed from David to his son Solomon (son of Bathsheba-- the very same woman who David committed adultery with-- and yet God in his mercy forgave David and had placed Love on Solomon- for Jedidiah (Solomon's other name- means "loved of the Lord" 2 Samuel 12:25).

Thankfully, the path to Solomon becoming king didn't take 15 years (as it did with David)- it happened in 1 day but not without event!

READ 1 Kings 1:1-53


1. FYI- For a laugh: If you are cold, put on a sweater!

Interesting: What a picture that is painted of David in the first few verses. Old, feeble, absent, infirm, lacking in desire. What a contrast to the David we knew in 1 and 2 Samuel!

This portrait of David reminds us of the harshness of the passage of time but also encourages us who are of faith in Christ- for we look forward to when Jesus will make all things new. We look forward to the new earth and the resurrection to come!

2. OUR TEXT HAS A LOT TO TEACH US ABOUT LEADERSHIP TRANSITIONS- the passing of the baton from one leader to the next

Transitions in leadership can be smooth or disastrous. The transition to Solomon becoming king had a bumpy and contentious start.

Elements of the transition to Solomon becoming King

a. David is king but not really functioning as such

-David couldn't even keep warm-- he's an old man with poor circulation, bundled up in bed. His leadership of the nation, if they had a button for it, was on "Autopilot"

b. David's second oldest (Adonijah) figures he should be king (based on age)

While culturally acceptable, God had a different person in mind

c. Adonijah decides to elevate himself to the position of King on his own

When power hungry people see or perceive an opening, they are quick to jump into the gap. Adonijah had a sense of entitlement. Adonijah wanted to be king. Adonijah counted himself worthy (though no indication had ever been given to him that he was to be one-- to the contrary, the word on the street was that Solomon was to be the next king).

To achieve his ends Adonijah began to promote himself, he planned his own party, he conspired with some of David's own officials, he set the day, he even planned for the elimination of the rightful heir (Solomon and his mother Bathsheba). He then declared himself King.

d. Catching wind of Adonijah's plans, Bathsheba and Nathan inform David

e. To his credit and the joy of his servants, David responds right away (perhaps being reminded of the trials he went through on his path to being King).

That very day, those loyal to David, by David's command, publicly anoint Solomon as king (at the very same time Adonijah was doing so)-- and the nation rejoiced in Solomon's appointment.

f. Our chapter ends with Solomon enthroned and Adonijah's guests fleeing with Adonijah taking hold of the horns of the altar-- fearful for his life.

Application as it regards leadership transition

Are you a leader, business owner, a manager- do you have a succession plan in mind? You need to make one, you need to be thinking about it. You need to be training those around you for leadership.

Do you have property and children-- Have you written a clear will that will minimize conflict between your children. Such reminds me of Isaiah's words to Hezekiah "Put your house in order, because you are going to die" Isaiah 38:1; 2 Kings 20:1

3. We are to not be self exalting glory hounds, rather we are to be HUMBLE -that the Lord might lift us up

What was it that ultimately doomed Adonijah (for in a few chapters he is executed for making another attempt on the throne of Solomon). His self serving, greedy aspirations for power. His desire to exalt himself.

Note the ironic location in which Adonijah went to proclaim himself king. The stone of Zoheleth-- otherwise called "The Serpent's stone" v.9

-such was an old worship place of another religion. The names means "that which creeps, slides, a crawling thing"
-it was a rocky plateau that slightly overhung the kidron valley (highly visible)

We are to be humble servant leaders

Proverbs 16:18 "Pride goes before destruction, and a haughty spirit before a fall."

In James 4:10 it says; "Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up." ***

Clamoring for position and power is a temptation many face. Jesus' own disciples struggled with this- despite Jesus telling and exampling to them what it meant to be a servant leader.

In Luke 9:46-48 it says; "An argument started among the disciples as to which of them would be the greatest. Jesus, knowing their thoughts, took a little child and had him stand beside him. Then he said to them, "Whoever welcomes this little child in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. For it is the one who is least among you all who is the greatest."

What attitude are we to have?

Philippians 2:1-7 says; "Therefore if you have any encouragement from being united with Christ, if any comfort from his love, if any common sharing in the Spirit, if any tenderness and compassion, then make my joy complete by being like-minded, having the same love, being one in spirit and of one mind. Do nothing out of selfish ambition or vain conceit. Rather, in humility value others above yourselves, not looking to your own interests but each of you to the interests of the others.In your relationships with one another, have the same mindset as Christ Jesus: Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage; rather, he made himself nothing by taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.

4. Got kids? Parenting is tough, but it's got to be done

Bringing a child into the world is a blessing and a big responsibility

As awesome as David was, he was not a great father.


a.His firstborn son (Absalom) tried to steal the kingdom from him and kill him.
b. It says in Verse 6 -of Adonijah "his father had never rebuked him by asking, "Why do you behave as you do?"

When it comes to being a good parent - but I'm going to focus on fathers- we have a few CORE responsibilities

-Providing for our children, being tender and caring to them
-Loving their mother, doing everything you can to make your marriage work
-Parent in conjunction with your wife
-Being present for them (if possible- divorce often messes things up)
-Teaching them how to work
-Teaching them the ways of God
-Praying for them (for their salvation, for the salvation of their friends, for their concerns, for their future spouses, for their growth in the faith)
-Teaching them the Bible, encouraging them to read it, reading it yourself
-Taking them to church-- there is to be no such option to not go to church as long as they are under your roof and using your money
-Teaching them and exampling to them how to serve
-Disciplining them in a measured and restrained way when they willfully do wrong
-Saying NO to them and their passions and desires that contravene the holy laws of God.

Proverbs 22:6 says; "Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it.

4. God's grace is amazing

From every angle and every perspective, the grace of God is an amazing thing- whether it be the forgiveness of our sin in Christ, the myriad of unmerited blessings that God showers down upon us, the way he works out schedules (done this for Sue and I lots of times), or the way He helps us through difficult times.

As it regards David and his passing of the baton of leadership on to Solomon, but for the grace of God, things could have been a disaster-- Yet God worked it out.

When it comes to God's grace-- it is by grace we are saved through faith (Ephesians 2:8-9). It is because of God's grace that we can have the forgiveness of sins in Christ

When it comes to day to day- we need God's grace- We need to lean on. We need to told hold of it.

We are to constantly thank God for it- for His grace is sufficient

Closing song- listen and reflect. Song is called "Your grace finds me" -by Matt Redman