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The path to David being King Part 1
1 Samuel 16 Samuel anoints David King over Israel

The road to Kingship: The beginning of David's journey to being King over Israel
1 Samuel 16


3 men dominate the Book of 1 Samuel- Samuel (Israel's last judge and a very righteous man), Saul (Israel's first king-- and a real lemon at that), and David (who becomes Israel's most famous and revered king)

This morning we are going to turn our attention to David.

In 1 Samuel 16, by the command of God, Samuel goes to Bethlehem and after a bit of drama, anoints David as the next king of Israel.

Though David was the 'man' of God's choosing, about15 years and 21 chapters of the Bible go by before David sits as king over all Israel.

Over the next couple of weeks we are going to trace the bumpy path that David took to becoming King over Israel.

The relevancy of our tracing David's journey to becoming King is multiple

1. God's Word and determined will always come to pass-- no matter what the obstacles are- so have faith in God!
2. The fifteen years that it took for David to become king teach us the value of persevering, enduring, and being patient as we go through life, waiting upon the Lord and His promises.


READ 1 Samuel 16:1-23

LESSONS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE TEXT

1. Whatever God tells us to do, that's what we're to do. See I Samuel 16:1-4

a. God told Samuel to stop mourning for Saul (MOVE ON)
b. God told Samuel to go to Bethlehem, to the house of Jesse- to anoint the one of HIS choosing

The second command scared Samuel a bit-- for Saul was turning into a monster

Key: Samuel obeyed v.4 --- this contrasts with the disobedience of Saul in 1 Samuel 15:22-23 and Samuel's rebuke of Saul "Does the LROD delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying the voice of the LORD? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams- For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry."

-Obeying God is not always easy
-Obedience to God brings blessing!
-Our obeying God is the critical way of showing our love for God (1 John 5:3)

2. God looks at the heart -- What's going on in yours? v.7

The key verse of 1 Samuel 16:1-13 is v.7

It's interesting that even Samuel falls for the error of looking at externals (particularly in light of how Saul turned out)

Point: While externals sometimes give us clues as to what people are like, what they believe, etc- we can't just go on externals.

God is always looking at our hearts-- so we must mind our thought life and motives-- for he weighs these and we are accountable for them

Further application:

a. When it comes to making good decisions we need the leading of God that we might make the best decisions-- because appearances can be deceiving. Hence we to pray about everything.

b. What's your heart like? Is it soft/tender/oriented to the things of God? Is calloused?

Our prayer: Create in me a clean heart O God and renew a steadfast spirit within me!


3. God specializes in taking the small, the weak, and that which is despised in the eyes of the world things and using them for His glory v.6-13

In 1 Corinthians 1:25-29 it says; " For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the weakness of God is stronger than human strength. Brothers and sisters, think of what you were when you were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of noble birth. But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. 28 God chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things-and the things that are not-to nullify the things that are, so that no one may boast before him.

David: JUST A BOY (15 years old probably). The youngest of 8 sons of Jesse (in a culture where the oldest held the primacy in a family) An afterthought to his family (father doesn't even bother with him)- yet David was the one of God's choosing.

Application

God lifts up the humble. The cry of our heart to be "God use me to bring you glory, praise, and honor".

When success comes, be quick to give God the glory


4. To do God's work we need the filling, power, and leading of the Holy Spirit v.13

In Ephesians 5:18 we are told to "be filled with the Spirit" (such necessitates our believing we can be, asking to be filled, dealing with all known sin in our lives, committing to giving the glory to God)

Jesus said in John 15:5 "Apart from me you can do nothing"

Without the Spirit of Christ working in and through us what we do is in trouble.

Thankfully, the same Holy Spirit who indwelt Christ indwells us. The same Spirit who filled, empowered, and led Jesus indwells us. Our call: Surrender to Him. Seek to be in the middle of God's will. Work with zeal and passion for Christ-- dealing with the sin in our lives and relying on Him for His power.


5. COME TO CHRIST FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF YOUR SINS. LOOK TO HIM FOR PEACE OF MIND- not underestimating the power of worship

A SPECIAL COMMENT ON 1 Samuel 16:14-23

Sometimes the Scriptures say some things that are hard for us to understand. On 3 separate occasions we are told in 1 Samuel 16-20 that a "harmful/evil spirit from the LORD" would come and torment Saul. Texts: 1 Samuel 16:14-23; 18:10-11; 19:9

What the text says has given 40 fits to commentators and readers for sometime.

Thoughts

"The Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul" v.14

-The Holy Spirit did not permanently indwell people before Christ sent Him to us
-Because of Saul's persistent disobedience to God and the removal of God's favor upon Saul, the Spirit departed from him

In the wake of the Holy Spirit departing another spirit- from the Lord!- tormented Saul (notice the flow of v.14)

The effect of this "spirit"

Fear, depression, agitation, a mind out of joint, penchant to rage and violence (Saul tried numerous times to kill David)

Meaning of the word "torment" v.14-15: To terrify, to startle, to be dismayed, to be overtaken by sudden terror


This tormenting spirit was punishment from the Lord upon Saul.

Deuteronomy 28:65-67 which discusses the curses that would fall upon Israel if they broke the covenant they made with God. v 65-67 "There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart. 66 You will live in constant suspense, filled with dread both night and day, never sure of your life. 67 In the morning you will say, "If only it were evening!" and in the evening, "If only it were morning!"-because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see.


TWO REALLY COOL VERSES FROM THE NT that helps us understand what happening with Saul

2 Timothy 1:7 (KJV) " For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

Furthermore: Jesus in John 14:27 says; "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

One more verse from the OT

"You will keep in perfect peace him whose mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusts in you" Isaiah 26:3


Some application

One thing I'm not saying is that all anxiety and mental unrest are the result of God's discipline-- such is not the case -- for their are other factors (chemical etc)

However:
Sometimes a troubled, uneasy, and tormented mind is God's discipline for a person's rebellion against God.

Sometimes I suffer a loss of peace of mind and don't feel as mentally stable as I would like-- With me, I can often trace this to willful sin in my life (and yes I know I still have the Holy Spirit-- but when we go against God we often loose peace and joy)

What's the solution-- based on these particular circumstances?

Repentance of sin! "Restore to me the joy of salvation" David's prayer in Psalm 51
Seeking the face of God
A recommitment to holiness
A heart given to worship (for God inhabits the praises of his people) (If you feel your mind on edge-- play some worship music!)******** This a big deal!!!



HOW DAVID AND HIS BECOMING KING TIED INTO SAUL'S AFFLICTION: what did Saul's servants reckon would help Saul during his fits and times of irrational fear and torment?

Saul's servants reckoned that Saul's troubled mind would be relieved if they could find a man skillful in playing the harp/lyre

The man in question: None other the Israel's future king: David- who just so happened to have his papers in harp playing :). What a strange way for David to enter the courts of Saul and eventually take Saul's place--- and yet this is how God works--- in mysterious ways He directs the course of history for His glory and the accomplishment of his will


CONCLUSION: Thus begins the journey of David to becoming King over all Israel

As we shall discover, it was a bumpy one- but God carried and protected David- just as He carries and protects us. Let's keep on being faithful and trusting in Him.