The path to David being King Part 1
1 Samuel 16 Samuel anoints David King over Israel
The road to Kingship: The beginning of David's journey to being King over Israel
1 Samuel 16
3 men dominate the Book of 1 Samuel- Samuel (Israel's last judge and a very righteous man), Saul (Israel's
first king-- and a real lemon at that), and David (who becomes Israel's most famous and revered king)
This morning we are going to turn our attention to David.
In 1 Samuel 16, by the command of God, Samuel goes to Bethlehem and after a bit of drama, anoints David
as the next king of Israel.
Though David was the 'man' of God's choosing, about15 years and 21 chapters of the Bible go by before
David sits as king over all Israel.
Over the next couple of weeks we are going to trace the bumpy path that David took to becoming King over
The relevancy of our tracing David's journey to becoming King is multiple
1. God's Word and determined will always come to pass-- no matter what the obstacles are- so have faith in
2. The fifteen years that it took for David to become king teach us the value of persevering, enduring, and
being patient as we go through life, waiting upon the Lord and His promises.
READ 1 Samuel 16:1-23
LESSONS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE TEXT
1. Whatever God tells us to do, that's what we're to do. See I Samuel 16:1-4
a. God told Samuel to stop mourning for Saul (MOVE ON)
b. God told Samuel to go to Bethlehem, to the house of Jesse- to anoint the one of HIS choosing
The second command scared Samuel a bit-- for Saul was turning into a monster
Key: Samuel obeyed v.4 --- this contrasts with the disobedience of Saul in 1 Samuel 15:22-23 and Samuel's
rebuke of Saul "Does the LROD delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices as much as in obeying the voice of
the LORD? To obey is better than sacrifice, and to heed is better than the fat of rams- For rebellion is like
the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry."
-Obeying God is not always easy
-Obedience to God brings blessing!
-Our obeying God is the critical way of showing our love for God (1 John 5:3)
2. God looks at the heart -- What's going on in yours? v.7
The key verse of 1 Samuel 16:1-13 is v.7
It's interesting that even Samuel falls for the error of looking at externals (particularly in light of how Saul
Point: While externals sometimes give us clues as to what people are like, what they believe, etc- we can't
just go on externals.
God is always looking at our hearts-- so we must mind our thought life and motives-- for he weighs these
and we are accountable for them
a. When it comes to making good decisions we need the leading of God that we might make the best
decisions-- because appearances can be deceiving. Hence we to pray about everything.
b. What's your heart like? Is it soft/tender/oriented to the things of God? Is calloused?
Our prayer: Create in me a clean heart O God and renew a steadfast spirit within me!
3. God specializes in taking the small, the weak, and that which is despised in the eyes of the world
things and using them for His glory v.6-13
In 1 Corinthians 1:25-29 it says; " For the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom, and the
weakness of God is stronger than human strength. Brothers and sisters, think of what you were when you
were called. Not many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many were of
noble birth. But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the wise; God chose the weak things of
the world to shame the strong. 28 God chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things-and the
things that are not-to nullify the things that are, so that no one may boast before him.
David: JUST A BOY (15 years old probably). The youngest of 8 sons of Jesse (in a culture where the oldest
held the primacy in a family) An afterthought to his family (father doesn't even bother with him)- yet David
was the one of God's choosing.
God lifts up the humble. The cry of our heart to be "God use me to bring you glory, praise, and honor".
When success comes, be quick to give God the glory
4. To do God's work we need the filling, power, and leading of the Holy Spirit v.13
In Ephesians 5:18 we are told to "be filled with the Spirit" (such necessitates our believing we can be,
asking to be filled, dealing with all known sin in our lives, committing to giving the glory to God)
Jesus said in John 15:5 "Apart from me you can do nothing"
Without the Spirit of Christ working in and through us what we do is in trouble.
Thankfully, the same Holy Spirit who indwelt Christ indwells us. The same Spirit who filled, empowered, and
led Jesus indwells us. Our call: Surrender to Him. Seek to be in the middle of God's will. Work with zeal and
passion for Christ-- dealing with the sin in our lives and relying on Him for His power.
5. COME TO CHRIST FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF YOUR SINS. LOOK TO HIM FOR PEACE OF MIND- not
underestimating the power of worship
A SPECIAL COMMENT ON 1 Samuel 16:14-23
Sometimes the Scriptures say some things that are hard for us to understand. On 3 separate occasions we
are told in 1 Samuel 16-20 that a "harmful/evil spirit from the LORD" would come and torment Saul. Texts: 1
Samuel 16:14-23; 18:10-11; 19:9
What the text says has given 40 fits to commentators and readers for sometime.
"The Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul" v.14
-The Holy Spirit did not permanently indwell people before Christ sent Him to us
-Because of Saul's persistent disobedience to God and the removal of God's favor upon Saul, the Spirit
departed from him
In the wake of the Holy Spirit departing another spirit- from the Lord!- tormented Saul (notice the flow of
The effect of this "spirit"
Fear, depression, agitation, a mind out of joint, penchant to rage and violence (Saul tried numerous times to
Meaning of the word "torment" v.14-15: To terrify, to startle, to be dismayed, to be overtaken by sudden
This tormenting spirit was punishment from the Lord upon Saul.
Deuteronomy 28:65-67 which discusses the curses that would fall upon Israel if they broke the covenant
they made with God. v 65-67 "There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a
despairing heart. 66 You will live in constant suspense, filled with dread both night and day, never sure of
your life. 67 In the morning you will say, "If only it were evening!" and in the evening, "If only it were
morning!"-because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see.
TWO REALLY COOL VERSES FROM THE NT that helps us understand what happening with Saul
2 Timothy 1:7 (KJV) " For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound
Furthermore: Jesus in John 14:27 says; "Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world
giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.
One more verse from the OT
"You will keep in perfect peace him whose mind is stayed on Thee, because he trusts in you" Isaiah 26:3
One thing I'm not saying is that all anxiety and mental unrest are the result of God's discipline-- such is not
the case -- for their are other factors (chemical etc)
However: Sometimes a troubled, uneasy, and tormented mind is God's discipline for a person's rebellion
Sometimes I suffer a loss of peace of mind and don't feel as mentally stable as I would like-- With me, I
can often trace this to willful sin in my life (and yes I know I still have the Holy Spirit-- but when we go
against God we often loose peace and joy)
What's the solution-- based on these particular circumstances?
Repentance of sin! "Restore to me the joy of salvation" David's prayer in Psalm 51
Seeking the face of God
A recommitment to holiness
A heart given to worship (for God inhabits the praises of his people) (If you feel your mind on edge-- play
some worship music!)******** This a big deal!!!
HOW DAVID AND HIS BECOMING KING TIED INTO SAUL'S AFFLICTION: what did Saul's servants reckon
would help Saul during his fits and times of irrational fear and torment?
Saul's servants reckoned that Saul's troubled mind would be relieved if they could find a man skillful in
playing the harp/lyre
The man in question: None other the Israel's future king: David- who just so happened to have his papers in
harp playing :). What a strange way for David to enter the courts of Saul and eventually take Saul's place---
and yet this is how God works--- in mysterious ways He directs the course of history for His glory and the
accomplishment of his will
CONCLUSION: Thus begins the journey of David to becoming King over all Israel
As we shall discover, it was a bumpy one- but God carried and protected David- just as He carries and
protects us. Let's keep on being faithful and trusting in Him.