David becomes King over all Israel. 2 Samuel 5
David becomes king over all Israel
2 Samuel 5:1-5
For the last month we have been tracing the path David (Israel's most revered king) took to becoming king over Israel.
At age 15, the prophet Samuel came to his home and anointed him to be Israel's next king.
The big question is "How in the world was that going to happen, since Saul was king and David was just a shepherd boy- the
youngest of 8 sons from the small town of Bethlehem?"
As we have been learning, it took 15 years for David to become king. Those were not easy years, for more than half of them David
was on the run from Saul- whose chief mission in life was to kill David.
Along the way, for the most part, David distinguished himself as a man of faith and righteousness-- this was why God had Samuel
anoint David-- for he had a heart that beat for God.
This morning we are going to lean on 2 Samuel 5:1-5 as our launching point to close out our series of how David became
King over Israel.
2 Samuel 5:1-5 says; "All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, "We are your own flesh and blood. 2 In the past,
while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the Lord said to you, 'You will shepherd
my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.'" 3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the king made a
covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel. 4 David was thirty years old when he
became king, and he reigned forty years. 5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned
over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.
As neat and tidy as 2 Samuel 5:1-5 is, between where we were last week (1 Samuel 27) and this chapter a lot happened-
which I want to bring you up to speed on
Last week: 1 Samuel 27-- David made a big mistake, to escape Saul he fled the country and joined the enemy-- the Philistines
Next: The Philistines invade Israel (by God's providence and grace, David not allowed to go to war against the Israelites-- though he
While away-- and almost going to war against his own people-- the Amalakites attacked the town David and his men were living in--
taking all their wives, children, and possessions. This crisis led David back to God- for after 1 year and 4 months he once again
inquired of the Lord. By God's command David pursued the Amalakite army, rescued his people and pretty much destroyed them
(figuratively doing what Saul was supposed to do to the Amalakites 15 years prior)
The end result of the Philistine invasion of Israel was that Saul, his son Jonathan, and a lot of his army were killed. This is recorded in
1 Samuel 31 and 2 Samuel 1. (Making things somewhat messy was Saul's attempted suicide)
When David found out that Saul, Jonathan and the army of Israel had fallen in battle, he showed his righteousness by mourning for
them (2 Samuel 1:11-12 "Then David took hold of his clothes and tore them, and so did all the men who were with him. And they
mourned and wept and fasted until evening for Saul and for Jonathan his son and for the people of the Lord and for the house of
Israel, because they had fallen by the sword.)
1. Application: David's response to Saul's death teaches us the attitude we are to have those who reckon us to be their
Such reminds me of Jesus' words in Matthew 5:43-45a " "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall love your neighbour and hate
your enemy.' But I say to you, Love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father
who is in heaven." This is to be us!
After the defeat of Saul and Israel, David again inquires of the LORD- this time as to whether he should return the Israel. God says
yes. David then asks God where he should move. God tells David to move to Hebron. Upon moving there David is anointed King over
the house of Judah. READ 2 Samuel 2:1-4.
A big point of application
2. David's inquiring of God teaches us that we should always be asking God what He would have us do.
Neat verse: "Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your
requests to God" Philippians 4:6
Following David's anointing as King over Judah a civil war breaks out in Israel
In 2 Samuel 2 we are told that after Saul and Jonathan died that the commander of Saul's army- a man named Abner, took a
surviving son of Saul named Ish- Bosheth and made him King.
The war between the house of David and the house of Saul lasted for a number of years-- but as 2 Samuel 3:1 tells us "David grew
stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul grew weaker and weaker"
Something quite interesting happened during this civil war
Abner-- the commander of Saul's army, who made Ish-Bosheth king, switched sides.
2 Samuel 3 tells us that one day Ish Bosheth accused Abner of sleeping with one of his father's concubines. This accusation really
ticked Abner off-- so much that Abner told Ish Bosheth that he was done with him and that he was going to do all in his power to
establish David as King over all Israel. Because of Abner's strength, there was nothing that Ish-Bosheth could do.
Abner though proceeded to reach out to David and to arrange for all Israel to pledge allegiance to David. David accepted Abner's
approach and things went well until the commander of David's forces-- a man named Joab found out about it.
Some back story: Joab hated Abner and nursed a grudge because Abner, in self defense had killed one of his brothers. The full
account of this is found in 2 Samuel 2:8-32. Short story: Joab's brother pursuing Abner. Abner tells him to stop twice, he doesn't so
Abner put out the butt end of his spear to stop him-- the butt end went right through him and he died. Abner did not mean to kill
Hearing that Abner had reached out to David and even visited David, a terrible account of revenge is detailed in 2 Samuel 3:22fff.
The end result was that Joab murdered Abner (2 Samuel 3:26-27 says; "Joab then left David and sent messengers after Abner, and
they brought him back from the cistern at Sirah. But David did not know it. 27 Now when Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him
aside into an inner chamber, as if to speak with him privately. And there, to avenge the blood of his brother Asahel, Joab stabbed him
in the stomach, and he died."
Because of Joab's strength, David was not able to stand up against Joab that day. David did make all the people with him mourn
Abner's death. The people saw the sincerity and righteousness of David that day and did not place any blame on David for what Joab
did. (2 Samuel 3:36-37)
3. A point of application: Nursing a grudge? Harboring bitterness in your heart?
Bitterness, hatred, anger, the desire for revenge. We need to set these before God-- confess them as sin and ask God to fill us with
love, peace, patience, long suffering.
So far I've taken you to the last step before David became King over all Israel. As we've observed, his path to David's receiving God's
promise was not an easy one-- bumpy is not quite the right word to describe it either.
4. Through all that happened there is one big truth that we need to hold on to: GOD'S WORDS ALWAYS COME TO PASS- no
matter how improbable they may seem. We need to trust God. Like David- we need to stay faithful as we wait upon the
Neat verse: Proverbs 30:5 says; "Every word of God proves true. He is a shield to those who take refuge in Him."
NOW: The last step to David becoming King over all Israel concerned Ish-Bosheth. 2 Samuel 4
Ish-Bosheth, Saul's son was king of the Northern tribes of Israel.
2 Samuel 4 tells us that Ish-Bosheth, the last obstacle to David becoming King over all Israel, was brutally murdered in his sleep by
two of his raiding party captains. The text tells us that these two guys snuck in Ish's house while he was sleeping, stabbed him to
death, cut off his head and then took his head to David-- thinking that David would reward them for handing the the kingdom over to
David was not pleased by this- for he immediately had them executed for their wickedness.
Note what David says; for it shows us what a righteous man David was; 2 Samuel 4:9-12; " David answered Rekab and his brother
Baanah, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, "As surely as the Lord lives, who has delivered me out of every trouble, 10 when
someone told me, 'Saul is dead,' and thought he was bringing good news, I seized him and put him to death in Ziklag. That was the
reward I gave him for his news! 11 How much more-when wicked men have killed an innocent man in his own house and on his own
bed-should I not now demand his blood from your hand and rid the earth of you!" 12 So David gave an order to his men, and they
killed them. They cut off their hands and feet and hung the bodies by the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ish-Bosheth and
buried it in Abner's tomb at Hebron.
5. APPLICATION David's actions here show us that he was not a man who would take short cuts. He was not sort of person
who said "The end justifies the means" (Such was taught by Machiavelli-- who basically taught that if you have a good end in mind
you can do bad things to accomplish it)
David was a man committed on waiting on the Lord and in his timing.
We must say no to "short cuts" that would see us sacrifice our morality and holiness. We need to be people who do the right thing at
the right time in the right way.
6. Curious about the relationship between free will and the Sovereignty of God?
The path David took to becoming King over Israel illustrates this relationship and how it exists in perfect harmony
God determined to make David king over- He made it happen-- not by forcing people but through their free will actions and choices
-which God allows us to make. The point: God's will is always done-- it will happen-- don't make the mistake of trying to fight against
God-- Get in His will and enjoy His favor.
We've covered some texts this morning that feature a lot of blood, violence, and gore. (I almost wanted to subtitle todays sermon
"There will be blood") To say the least, it's a bit unsettling
Because of all the blood- when David later on wanted to build a Temple for the Lord, he was not allowed.
One big thing we see in David: We see a man trying to live a godly and righteous life in the midst of a lot of turmoil. We see a man
trying to live a holy life in the midst of people who are blood thirsty and violent and cruel and hateful and vengeful. Such is a lesson
for us as we live in this world!
7. Like David- Our goal is to try and live a godly and righteous life in the midst of the wicked behavior of those around us
Philippians 2:14-16 says; "Do everything without grumbling or arguing, so that you may become blameless and pure, "children of God
without fault in a warped and crooked generation." Then you will shine among them like stars in the sky as you hold firmly to the word
of life. And then I will be able to boast on the day of Christ that I did not run or labor in vain
Last point: This David who we've been following the last month-- Jesus, as for his human nature was a descendant of him- born of
the town of Bethlehem. Jesus came into this world, both God and man, on a rescue mission to save us from our sins and the judgment
to come- the call of the Bible is to turn and put your faith in Him- that we might live.