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The LORD appears to Abraham Genesis 18
The LORD appears to Abraham
Genesis 18:1-22

Last week we took a look at the call of Abram in Genesis 12

-Abram's call explains the Jewish nation (for they are his direct descendants)
-To Abram , God gave three great promises (Land, seed--that from him a great nation would come, blessing). Ultimately, Jesus coming into the world to save us from our sins is the jewel of the promises made to Abram. When God calls a person to Himself today, they become the inheritors of many great and precious promises of God as well.
-God didn't call Abram because he was a righteous man. When God called Abram he was doing his own thing and his character was far from commendable. Such reminds us that salvation and peace with God is a gift received by faith and totally hinging on God's grace. (Ephesians 2:8-9)
-To God's call Abram responded in faith, worship, and obedience
-God's call didn't result in Abram becoming a mature man right away-- for almost immediately Abram messed up royally--- going down to Egypt and giving his wife Sarai into the arms of the Pharoah. God's response and mercy to Abram reminds us of his grace to us and of how when we do sin we have in Jesus One who speaks in our defense (I John 2:2)

This morning we are going to take a look at Genesis 18 together.

In Genesis 18 something very remarkable happens: God, on a hot and sunny afternoon, appears in the flesh before Abraham.

When I usually think of God appearing- I envision the scene of Christ in all His Divine glory, on the Mount of Transfiguration. I also think of the visions of John in Revelation or of Isaiah seeing a vision of God on his throne in Heaven. I think of Elijah on Mount Horeb and his experience of God passing by (1 Kings 19). I think of Moses hidden in the cleft of a rock as God passed by and the mountains quaked (Exodus 33). I think of Moses on Mount Sinai (itself covered in smoke and there being thunder and fire). I think of the Ezekiel and the awesome visions he was given of God in his glory. I think of God saying in Exodus 33:20 "you cannot see my face, for no one may see me and live." (meaning that we cannot see God in all his glory-- for the Cherubim cover their faces as they surround the throne)

While all think of all those things as it regards God appearing, I don't think of God suddenly showing up as a normal looking man in the middle of the day, with his glory veiled-- as he does in Genesis 18.

Of course in saying this; we realize that this is how Jesus showed up. Herein the entrance of Christ into our world is prefigured. God became a man and dwelt amongst us and his own did not recognize him. Jesus came, his glory veiled-- that he might save us from our sins

Going deeper: FYI

This wasn't the first time that God appeared in such a fashion. In Genesis 12:7-9 we are told that the LORD appeared to Abram. In Genesis 17 (which maybe happened a couple of months prior to Genesis 18) it says "When Abram was 99 years old, the LORD appeared to him." Theologians call such things "Theophanies"


Before reading note that between God's call of Abram and Genesis 17-18, 13 years pass.

Over the course of those thirteen years Abram took some spiritual steps forward and some backward steps too. One backward step that Abram took was that he tried to take a short cut as it regarded God making a great nation out of his descendants. Because his wife Sarai couldn't have children, Sarai handed over her maid to Abram and told him to have a baby by her-- that this baby might be presumably raised as her own.

Abram having sex and making a baby with Sarai's maid was a big sin.

a. It showed a lack of trust in God who said that Sarai would personally become pregnant (Genesis 15).
b. The consequences of Abram's sin are still felt by the Jews today (for some Arab's- who are the enemy of the Jews are descendants of Ishmael). Side note: Though Arabian Muslims all claim to be descendants of Ishmael-- such is not provable)

AN IMPORTANT POINT: Short cuts have a way of coming back on us and biting us in the rumpus.****


Isaiah 40:31 says; "But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not faint."

Lets read Genesis 18:1-22


1. Note Abraham's RESPONSE to the LORD's appearance

v.2 Though it was the HEAT of the day, "he hurried from the entrance of his tent to meet them" Note: Abraham is not a young man and yet he's moving as fast as he can-- and it doesn't matter that its hot
v.2 "he bowed low to the ground"
v.3 he identifies himself as their servant (and that is what we are)
v.3 he seeks their favor
v.4 he makes provision for the washing of their feet
v.4 he invites them to rest under the shade of the tree
v.5 he wants to give them a little something to eat. The word used is 'morsel'
v.6 he hurried into the tent to get Sarah to cook some bread. Note again "hurried". Note also: Abraham spoke of giving them a bite (the word used means 'morsel') to eat, 3 seahs of flour is about 22 litres of flour-- which makes a huge about of bread
v.7 tells us that Abraham then ran out to where his cows were and selected a young calf to have cooked for the men (running usually undignified for a man of Abraham's age and stature and yet not in this case)
v.8 After all the food was prepared and the best of everything that Abraham could offer them was given, the text tells us that Abraham didn't even sit down with them. Abraham hovered a little distance away from them as they ate.

Things to note:

The servants heart of Abraham. Abraham knows who he is in relation to God-- He is His servant

The reverence of Abraham.

The hospitality of Abraham (a hospitality that we are to exercise to others***)
Abraham offered the best of everything he could. We are to do the same in relation to Christ and our service of him. Give of your best to the master says the old hymn


a. To let Abraham and Sarah know that the time had come for God's promise to be kept regarding their having a baby of their own. v.10


SUBPOINT: Note the difference between Sarah's response to God's appearance and Abraham's-- doubt v/s faith v.9-15


-her laughter was not like Abraham's in Genesis 17:17 who laughed in astonishment. Sarah's laughter was a laughter of derision and lack of faith. Sarah's laughter was a sneer.
-God called her on it-- knowing her thoughts
-She denied it, God didn't let her off the hook

Issue: long periods of waiting on God sometimes lead to a person weakening in their faith.

We need to hold onto our faith. God is more than able. God is always faithful.

FYI: Don't think to yourself that Sarah stayed where she was that day. The Bible commends Sarah as a great woman of faith and as a great wife. 1 Peter 3:1-6

NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE FOR GOD v.14 We need to remember this.

This is a big point that comes out of the interaction between the LORD and Sarah-- and note this: God repeats his promise of a son being born by that time next year

No illness is to far gone. No financial need is to big. No relationship is beyond repair. No sin is beyond forgiveness-- if one truly humbles themselves and repents.

Key: Cast all our cares upon Him, for He cares for us.

Jeremiah 32:17 says; "Ah, Sovereign Lord, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too hard for you.

b. The LORD appeared that He might see for Himself if Abraham's heart was in tune with His as it regarded the subject of justice and mercy v.19-22

This point is fleshed out in the dialog between God and Abraham in v.23ff

The ultimate point is this: God had come down to reveal to Abraham his heart and plans and purposes-- to see if Abraham's heart was in accord with God's-- and his was. For it is found that Abraham had a merciful and tender heart, just as God does.

Our goal: To know God and to have a heart that is in tune with His-- and so we pray "Lord, help me to understand your thoughts and ways, help me to know your will, help me to love what you love and to hate what you hate."

c. The LORD appeared to Abraham so that He might impress on his heart the importance of teaching his children the ways of the LORD v.19-22

The responsibility of every Father (for Father's serve as the head of the home-- and are responsible to God as such) is to teach their children about God and to raise them in the fear and service of the LORD. Such is the key to blessing.

"Train a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it." Proverbs 22:6

Ephesians 6:4 "Fathers, do not exasperate your children; instead, bring them up in the training and instruction of the Lord."

Of the Lord and his ways, Deuteronomy 11:19; "Teach them to your children, talking about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up."

d. The LORD appeared as a display of His friendship with Abraham

In James 2:23 it says; "And the scripture was fulfilled that says, "Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness," and he was called God's friend."

Abraham is likewise called a friend of God in 2 Chronicles 20:7 and Isaiah 41:8

The friendship of God with Abraham is seen by God showing up, God accepting Abraham's hospitality, God walking with Abraham, God revealing to Abraham what was going to do

God's offer of friendship is still available today

-Be reconciled to God. In Christ alone is the forgiveness of sins and life eternal
-Put your faith in Christ as Savior and Lord

Interesting verse from the Gospel of John 15:15 "I no longer call you servants, because a servant does not know his master's business. Instead, I have called you friends, for everything that I learned from my Father I have made known to you."


In Genesis 18 a most remarkable thing happens: God shows up in the flesh and spends an afternoon with Abraham.

God showed up in a most understated way-- prefiguring the advent of Christ

Abraham responded in ways most appropriate to God showing up- Sarah struggled a bit - for God's delay in keeping his promise to them had led to a weakening in her faith (but God was gracious)

God showed up for some specific reasons-- one of which was to show that He was Abraham's friend. The offer of friendship with God remains today-- accept his invitation and come to Him on His terms.

Closing song: My God is so big.